The Brahmo Samaj was to play an important part, later in the century, as a Hindu movement of reform.
In Roy journeyed to England as the unofficial representative of the titular king of Delhi. The king of Delhi granted him the title of raja, though it was unrecognized by the British. Roy died of a fever while in the care of Unitarian friends at Bristol, where he was buried. He was a tireless social reformer, yet he also revived interest in the ethical principles of the Vedanta school as a counterpoise to the Western assault on Indian culture. In his textbooks and treatises he contributed to the popularization of the Bengali language , while at the same time he was the first Indian to apply to the Indian environment the fundamental social and political ideas of the French and American revolutions.
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Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Making a moderate fortune in Calcutta finance, which he invested in zamindaris, from Roy advocated reforms in Hindu society and the acceptance of some features of Western thought.
He denounced suttee the burning of widows and championed the cause of the…. The demand for English education in Bengal thus preceded by 20 years any government action in that direction. Reform-minded Hindus, led by Ram Mohun Roy , took a positive attitude to Western literature and urged on their countrymen a Western type of education.
Newly formed literary clubs spread the influence of predominantly British works, thereby opening the Indian educated elite to Western culture and literature in general. The pioneer of reform was Ram Mohun Roy. His intense belief in strict monotheism and in the evils of image worship began early and probably was derived from Islam, because at first he had no knowledge of Christianity.
He read the works of philosophers like Euclid and Aristotle which helped shape his spiritual and religious conscience. In Roy founded the Anglo-Hindu School and four years later the Vedanta College in order to teach his Hindu monotheistic doctrines. During the next two decades, Ram Mohan launched his attack at the behest of the church against the bastions of Hinduism of Bengal, namely his own Kulin Brahmin priestly clan then in control of the many temples of Bengal and their priestly excesses. He advocated the introduction of an English Education System in the country teaching scientific subjects like Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and even Botany. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.
He later learned English and in settled in Calcutta Kolkata , where…. India , country that occupies the greater part of South Asia. Cultural effects position on modern Indian literature In South Asian arts: Brahmo Samaj Hindu College In education: Education under the East India Company. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Help us improve this article!
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Widows were forced to sit on the burning pyre of along with the bodies of their dead husbands. Imagine the horror of watching someone you know perform Sati! This left Roy with a deep sense of responsibility to end this practice. In , he travelled to the United Kingdom to ensure that the Bengal Sati Regulation law, passed by Lord William Bentinck in was not overturned.
In all of the reforms that Roy has been instrumental in bringing about, the abolishment of Sati is arguably one of the most prominent. You may also like: Perhaps the best way of spreading awareness for social reforms in the 18th and 19th centuries was through media. It also included advocacy of the freedom of the press, the induction of Indians into high ranks of service, as well as a separation of the executive and judiciary.
He started the Atmiya Sabha Association that became a model for his Brahmo Samaj —the monotheistic-reformist movement of the Hindu religion. To know more about feminism in India, read The Better India story here. Roy was sure that the way to a social reformation of India was through education. He set up several institutes in India for the same.
Here is the list:. He supported the inclusion of western learning into Indian education, and his Vedanta college followed this belief.
Prem Behari Narain Raizada: After his death due to meningitis in England in , Roy was buried in the grounds of Stapleton Grounds. A decade later, he was reburied in East Bristol. Roy has a mausoleum designed by artist William Prinsep.
Several European thinkers and artists have admired Roy in their works. It goes to show how much of an impact this reformist has had in India and abroad! Follow us facebook twitter instagram youtube.