Former beauty queen was an unlikely choice". Retrieved April 25, HarperCollins Publishers, New York. An Intimate Biography of Sarah Palin". Retrieved October 5, September 3, ; retrieved October 8, Retrieved February 7, Archived from the original on October 9, Retrieved November 5, Archived from the original on September 2, Retrieved December 26, Retrieved April 4, The New York Times.
Watch Her Beauty Pageant Talent". Retrieved February 9, Archived from the original on October 5, Retrieved October 24, Archived from the original on September 19, Retrieved June 11, Archived from the original on March 21, Retrieved February 14, Archived from the original on August 17, Retrieved July 19, Point guard for the GOP".
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Retrieved September 8, Numbers right, context missing". Less Sizzle than Reported". Retrieved September 24, Retrieved April 3, Alaska Division of Elections. Rebel status has fueled front-runner's success". Retrieved July 1, Alaska Department of Administration. Archived from the original on September 17, Retrieved September 17, The Daily News dates this story as November 19, , but the story "actually was published on September 19, ".
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Retrieved September 4, Says she never ventured beyond Kuwait border". Retrieved September 13, Charlie Gibson Interviews Sarah Palin". Retrieved October 26, Alaska Journal of Commerce. Archived from the original on May 27, Retrieved September 15, Retrieved September 18, Archived from the original on February 19, Retrieved February 19, Archived from the original on February 1, Retrieved January 12, But if the commission pushes ahead with a pay raise, Palin won't accept the money, said spokesman Bill McAllister.
Archived from the original on January 19, Citizens Against Government Waste. Archived from the original on January 13, Decision archive — John McCain News. Archived from the original on July 7, Retrieved October 23, Archived from the original on October 20, Archived from the original on March 29, Would you continue state funding for the proposed Knik Arm and Gravina Island bridges? I would like to see Alaska's infrastructure projects built sooner rather than later. The window is now — while our congressional delegation is in a strong position to assist.
Press release Press release. Governor's Office—State of Alaska. Archived from the original PDF on April 29, In the city [of] Ketchikan, the planned site of the so-called 'Bridge to Nowhere,' political leaders of both parties said the claim was false and a betrayal of their community Did Palin say 'no thanks' to the Bridge to Nowhere? Palin voiced support for the plan while running for governor She rejected the bridge after she was elected and the project became a famous symbol of government waste.
Archived from the original on September 10, Retrieved April 28, Roger Wetherell, speaking for the state Transportation Department, said the road opened several days ago might someday get people to and from Gravina Island after all, if cheaper designs for a bridge become a reality. Meantime, it opens access to land development, he said. Archived from the original on September 3, Archived from the original on July 26, Retrieved May 27, Palin's Pipeline to Nowhere" From the magazine issue dated September 29, Retrieved September 23, Juneau Empire Story Archive.
Alaska Department of Game and Fish. The ruling says Game Board has authority to offer cash incentives". Archived from the original on September 14, Archived from the original on August 26, Governor's lawyer attempts to clear her of misconduct in the firing". Archived from the original on July 24, For the record, no one ever said fire Wooten.
Not any of the other staff. What they said directly was more along the lines of 'This isn't a person that we would want to be representing our state troopers. Monegan said he believes his firing was directly related to the fact Wooten stayed on the job. The Washington Post Investigations.
Archived from the original on September 28, Retrieved August 3, Retrieved August 29, Archived from the original on January 4, Archived from the original on August 31, Governor makes ethics complaint against herself to force action". Palin subpoenas won't be honored and five Alaska lawmakers file suit to end 'Troopergate' probe". Retrieved February 10, Archived from the original on July 13, Retrieved November 16, The council voted unanimously to make the report public, but did not vote to endorse its findings.
State of Alaska Legislature. Archived from the original PDF on October 11, Retrieved October 10, Report consists of pages, see page 8 for the findings. The report further found that Colberg had failed to cooperate fully with the investigation. Retrieved November 24, The Fact Checker, Candidate Watch. Archived from the original PDF on October 2, Archived from the original on March 25, Kovaleski November 3, Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved November 4, The Alaska Journal of Commerce. Archived from the original on December 25, Retrieved February 13, Archived from the original on July 4, Archived from the original on December 1, Archived from the original on November 20, Retrieved December 1, Retrieved July 5, Winners and Losers, Sotomayor Day 4".
John Fund on the Trail. This situation developed because Alaska's transparency laws allow anyone to file Freedom of Information Act requests. Retrieved December 16, Scott Horton" Transcript and link to Audio. Interviewed by Glenn Greenwald. The New York Times Magazine. How McCain Picked Palin".
Palin as vice president pick". Retrieved February 15, Why success is foreordained. Retrieved May 20, McCain campaign's end-run around media". Retrieved September 30, Besides the perceived motive of protecting the Vice Presidential nominee from media questions, the McCain campaign sought to have her constantly at McCain's side because she drew crowds. Archived from the original on May 7, Archived from the original on October 2, Retrieved May 30, Anderson September 29, Let Palin be Palin". Archived from the original on May 11, Archived from the original on June 13, Archived from the original on November 13, Archived from the original on January 23, Retrieved June 28, Sarah Palin Was Right".
Archived from the original on August 19, Retrieved August 18, Archived from the original on May 14, Retrieved January 25, Retrieved June 14, Retrieved December 9, Retrieved May 3, Archived from the original on January 31, Palin to stump for conservative Democrats, Vows to shun 'partisan stuff ' ". Retrieved June 25, Retrieved February 1, Retrieved July 16, Retrieved January 14, Gosh that subtitle sounds familiar". Archived from the original on December 29, How does it stack up to Barack and Hillary's books? The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved November 26, Archived from the original on February 9, Retrieved May 8, Republican says Sarah Palin's window is closed".
Retrieved November 30, Retrieved July 29, Archived from the original on July 27, Retrieved August 15, Palin 'allowed us to peak ' ". Whether he ultimately prevailed or not was beside the point. Palin, whose presidential and political aspirations are still undetermined, had demonstrated that the strength of her base is not.
And while Palin did not campaign for Miller, she and former Lt. Loren Leman recorded effective 11th-hour robocalls for him. Reintroduce Reid — Manu Raju. Archived from the original on February 10, Retrieved November 21, Archived from the original on June 6, Retrieved July 30, Archived from the original on October 24, Retrieved June 13, Sarah Palin endorses Donald Trump".
Retrieved August 25, Retrieved August 26, Retrieved August 10, False Internet claims and rumors fly about McCain's running mate". Archived from the original on February 27, Retrieved May 29, June 17, ; retrieved November 24, While running for state office, Palin said their use ought to be discussed in schools.
Palin is only candidate to suggest it should be discussed in schools". Archived from the original on November 26, It doesn't have to be part of the curriculum. Palin added that, if elected, she would not push the state Board of Education to add such creation-based alternatives to the state's required curriculum.
Retrieved January 24, What is the NRA and why is it so powerful? It is one of the most powerful players in one of the most hotly-debated issues in the US - gun control - but what exactly is the NRA? Here's a quick guide".
Archived from the original on November 3, Retrieved May 28, The Kansas City Star. Archived from the original on May 4, Global Warming Just "Snake Oil " ". Retrieved March 12, I named my daughter Willow. Isn't that granola enough for them? In late , when she was still only fifteen, she met John Churchill , 10 years her senior, who fell in love with her. Sarah had a rival for Churchill in Catherine Sedley , a wealthy mistress of James II and the choice of Churchill's father, Sir Winston Churchill , who was anxious to restore the family's fortune.
John may have hoped to take Sarah as a mistress in place of the Duchess of Cleveland, who had recently departed for France, but surviving letters from Sarah to John show her unwillingness to assume that role. In , Sarah's brother Ralph died, and she and her sister, Frances , became co-heirs of the Jennings estates in Hertfordshire and Kent. John chose Sarah over Catherine Sedley, but both John's and Sarah's families disapproved of the match, therefore they married secretly in the winter of — John and Sarah were both Protestants in a predominantly Catholic court, a circumstance that would influence their political allegiances.
Although no date was recorded, the marriage was announced only to the Duchess of York, and a small circle of friends, so that Sarah could keep her court position as Maid of Honour. When Sarah became pregnant, her marriage was announced publicly on 1 October , and she retired from the court to give birth to her first child, Harriet, who died in infancy.
The Duke of York returned to England after the religious tension had eased, and Sarah was appointed a Lady of the Bedchamber to Anne after the latter's marriage in The early reign of James II was relatively successful; it was not expected that a Catholic king could assert control in a fiercely Protestant, anti-Catholic country. However, when James attempted to reform the national religion, popular discontent against him and his government became widespread. James still retained some influence, and he ordered that both Lady Churchill and Princess Anne be placed under house arrest at Anne's residence the Cockpit  in the Palace of Whitehall ; both their husbands, though previously loyal to James, had switched their allegiances to William of Orange.
Sarah, however, describes in her memoirs how the two easily escaped and fled to Nottingham:. The Princess went to Bed at the usual time to prevent suspicion. I came to her soon after; and by the backstairs which went down from her closet, her Royal Highness [Princess Anne], my Lady Fitzharding [one of Sarah's closest friends] and I, with one servant, walked to the coach where we found the Bishop [of London] [i. Henry Compton ], and the Earl of Dorset. They conducted us that night to the Bishop's house in the city, and the next day to my Lord Dorset's at Copt-Hall.
From there we went to the Earl of Northampton's , and thence to Nottingham, where the country gathered about the Princess; nor did she think herself safe till she saw that she was surrounded by the Prince of Orange's friends. Although Sarah implied that she had encouraged the escape for the safety of Princess Anne, it is more likely that she was protecting herself and her husband. Life for Sarah during the reign of William and Mary was difficult. Mary II responded to this by demanding that Anne dismiss Sarah. This created a rift between Mary and Anne that never healed.
Other problems also emerged. William responded to the demand by offering the same sum from the Privy Purse , to keep Anne dependent on his generosity. However, Anne, through Sarah, refused, pointing out that a parliamentary grant would be more secure than charity from the Privy Purse.
Sarah's success as a leader of the opposition only intensified the queen's animosity towards the Marlboroughs. Although she could not dismiss Sarah from Anne's service, Mary responded by evicting Sarah from her court lodgings at the Palace of Whitehall. Anne responded by leaving the court as well, and Sarah and she went to stay with their friends Charles Seymour , the sixth Duke of Somerset , and Elizabeth, the Duchess of Somerset at Syon House.
This document is likely to have been forged by Robert Young, a known forger and disciple of Titus Oates ; Oates was famous for stirring a strongly anti-Catholic atmosphere in England between and the early s. He also restored the Earl of Marlborough to all his offices and honours, and exonerated him from any past accusations. Anne immediately offered John Churchill a dukedom, which Sarah initially refused.
Sarah was concerned that a dukedom would strain the family's finances; a ducal family at the time was expected to show off its rank through lavish entertainments. Sarah was promptly created Mistress of the Robes the highest office in the royal court that could be held by a woman , Groom of the Stole , Keeper of the Privy Purse , and Ranger of Windsor Great Park. Despite being the most powerful woman in England besides the queen, she appeared at court only rarely, preferring to oversee the construction of her new estate, Woodstock Manor the site of the later Blenheim Palace , a gift from Queen Anne after the duke's victory at the Battle of Blenheim.
This tradition is intimated in Judges Retrieved March 26, Hagar was an Egyptian girl who was a slave in the household of Sarah, a Hebrew princess. During the late 19th century and the early 20th century, however, most European courts started to reduce their court staff, often due to new economic and political circumstances which made court representation more questionable. Archived from the original on November 3, Pray for our team and the success of our mission Talk about Aleteia in your parish Share Aleteia content with friends and family Turn off your ad blockers when you visit Subscribe to our free newsletter and read us daily Thank you! A source close to Palin said, "Attacks inside Alaska and largely invisible to the national media had paralyzed her administration [and] she was no longer able to do the job she had been elected to do.
Sarah was famous for telling the queen exactly what she thought, and did not offer her flattery. Anne, however, expected kindness and compassion from her closest friend. Sarah was not forthcoming in this regard and frequently overpowered and dominated Anne. One major political disagreement occurred when Sarah insisted that her son-in-law, Charles Spencer , the third Earl of Sunderland , be admitted into the Privy Council. Sarah allied herself more strongly with the Whigs, who supported the Duke of Marlborough in the war; and the Whigs hoped to utilise Sarah's position as royal favourite.
She sent Whig reading materials to Anne in an attempt to win her over to her own preferred political party. Sarah's frankness and indifference for rank, so admired by Anne earlier in their friendship, was now seen to be intrusive. Unlike most women of the time—many of whom did not have influence with their own husbands—Sarah had a powerful intimacy with the two most powerful men in the country, Marlborough and Godolphin. Godolphin, though a great friend of Sarah's, had even considered refusing high office after Anne's accession, preferring to live quietly and away from the political side of Sarah, who was bossy, interfering, and presumed to tell him what to do when Marlborough was away.
Anne's apparent withdrawal of genuine affection occurred for a number of reasons.
She was frustrated by Sarah's long absences from court and despite numerous letters from Anne to Sarah on this subject, Sarah rarely attended, and wrote her excuses in letters to Anne. There was also a political difference between them: Anne was a Tory the party known as the "Church party", religion being one of Anne's chief concerns , and Sarah was a Whig the party known to support Marlborough's wars. Sarah did not share Anne's deep interest in religion, a subject she rarely mentioned, although at their last fraught interview she did warn Anne that she risked God's vengeance for her unreasoning cruelty to Sarah.
The queen did not want this difference to come between them; but Sarah, always thinking of her husband, wanted Anne to give more support to the Whigs, which she was not prepared to do. Sarah was called to Cambridge in , where her only surviving son, John, Marquess of Blandford , was taken ill with smallpox. The Duke of Marlborough was recalled from the war and was at his bedside when he died on 20 February After the death of Anne's husband, Prince George of Denmark in , Sarah arrived, uninvited, at Kensington Palace to find Anne with the prince's body.
She pressed the heartbroken queen to move from Kensington to St James's Palace in London , which Anne bluntly refused, and instead commanded Sarah to call Abigail Masham to attend her. Aware that Abigail was gaining more influence with Anne, Sarah disobeyed her, and instead scolded her for grieving over Prince George's death. Although Anne eventually submitted and allowed herself to be taken to St James's Palace, Sarah's insensitivity greatly offended her and added to the already significant strain on the relationship. Sarah had previously introduced her impoverished cousin, then known as Abigail Hill , to court, with the intention of finding a role for her.
As Sarah's grandfather Sir John Jennings had fathered twenty-two children, she had a multitude of cousins and could not know them all. Out of kindness and a sense of family solidarity, she gave Abigail employment within her own household at St Albans , and after a tenure of satisfactory service, Abigail was made a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Anne in Sarah later claimed in her memoirs that she had raised Abigail "in all regards as a sister", though there were implications that she only assisted her cousin due to her embarrassment of her difficult circumstance.
Abigail was also the second cousin on her father's side of the family of the Tory leader Robert Harley , later first Earl of Oxford and Mortimer. Flattering, subtle and retiring, Abigail was the complete opposite of Sarah, who was dominating, blunt and scathing. Sarah was completely oblivious to any friendship between Anne and Abigail, and was therefore surprised when she discovered that Abigail frequently saw the queen in private. It was at this interview that Anne let slip that she had begged Abigail to tell Sarah of the marriage; Sarah became suspicious about what had really happened.
This proved Anne's duplicity to Sarah: On the way to the thanksgiving service at St Paul's Cathedral , Sarah engaged in a furious argument with Anne about the jewels Anne wore to the service, and showed her a letter from the Duke of Marlborough which expressed hope that the queen would make good political use of the victory. The implication that she should publicly express her support for the Whigs offended Anne; at the service Sarah told the queen to "be quiet" after Anne continued the argument, thus offending the queen still further.
As a result Sarah, who rarely admitted that she was in the wrong, for once realised that she had gone too far and apologised for her rudeness, but her apology had little effect. Anne wrote to Marlborough, encouraging him not to let her rift with Sarah become public knowledge; but he could not prevent his wife's indiscretion.
Sarah continued vehemently supporting the Whigs in writing and speaking to Anne, with the support of Godolphin and the other Whig ministers. The news of the public's support for the Whigs reached Marlborough in letters from Sarah and Godolphin, which influenced his political advice to the queen. Anne, already in ill health, felt used and harassed and was desperate for escape.
Anne had explained before that she did not wish the public to know that her relationship with Sarah was failing, because any sign that Sarah was out of favour would have a damaging impact on the Duke of Marlborough's authority as Captain-General. Sarah was kept in all of her offices — purely for the sake of her husband's position as Captain-General of the army — and the tension between the two women lingered on until early in Sarah had always been jealous of Anne's affection for Abigail Masham , since having learned of it. Together with the Duke of Marlborough and most of the Whig party, she had tried to force Anne to dismiss her.
All these attempts failed, even when Anne was threatened with an official parliamentary demand from the Whigs, who were suspicious of Abigail's Tory influence with Anne, for Abigail's dismissal. The passion she showed for Abigail, and the stubborn refusal to dismiss her, angered Sarah to the point that she implied that a lesbian affair was taking place between the two women.
This gave the impression that she did not consider Anne's grief over his death to be genuine. Sarah's last attempt to re-establish her friendship with Anne came in when they had their final meeting. An account written by Sarah shortly afterwards shows that she pleaded to be given an explanation of why their friendship was at an end, but Anne was unmoved, coldly repeating a few set phrases such as "I shall make no answer to anything you say" and "you may put it in writing".
Sarah was so appalled by the queen's "inhuman" conduct that she was reduced to tears, and, most unusually for a woman who rarely spoke of religion, ended by threatening the queen with the judgment of God. Anne replied that God's judgment on her concerned herself only, but later admitted that this was the one remark from Sarah at this interview which had deeply hurt her.
After hearing this, the Duke of Marlborough, realising that Anne intended to dismiss them, begged her to keep them in their offices for nine months until the campaign was over, so that they could retire honourably. However, Anne told Marlborough that "for her [Anne's] honour" Sarah was to resign immediately and return her gold key — the symbol of her authority within the royal household — within two days.
When told the news, Sarah, in a fit of pride, told Marlborough to return the key to the queen immediately. Abigail was made Keeper of the Privy Purse.
This broke a promise Anne had made to distribute these court offices to Sarah's children. The Marlboroughs also lost state funding for Blenheim Palace , and the building came to a halt for the first time since it was begun in Now in disgrace, they left England and travelled in Europe. As a result of his success in the War of the Spanish Succession, the Duke of Marlborough was a favourite among the German courts and with the Holy Roman Empire, and the family was received in those places with full honours.
Sarah, however, did not like being away from England, and often complained that they were received with full honours in Europe, but were in disgrace at home. Sarah found life travelling the royal courts difficult, remarking that they were full of dull company. Sarah and Queen Anne never made up their differences, although one eyewitness claimed to have heard Anne asking whether the Marlboroughs had reached the shore, leading to rumours that she had called them home herself.
The Marlboroughs returned home on the afternoon of Anne's death. The new reign was supported by the Whigs , who were mostly staunch Protestants. King George also had a personal friendship with the Marlboroughs; the Duke of Marlborough had fought with him in the War of the Spanish Succession , and John and Sarah made frequent visits to the Hanoverian court during their effective exile from England. Sarah was relieved to move back to England. The Duke of Marlborough became one of the king's close advisers, and Sarah moved back into Marlborough House , where she flaunted her eldest granddaughter, Lady Henrietta Godolphin , in the hope of finding a suitable marriage partner.
Henrietta eventually married Thomas Pelham-Holles , first Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne , in April , and the rest of Sarah's grandchildren went on to make successful marriages. Sarah's concern for her grandchildren briefly came to a halt, however, when in her husband had two strokes , the second of which left him without the ability to speak. Sarah spent much of her time with him, accompanying him to Tunbridge Wells and Bath , and he recovered shortly afterwards. Even after his recovery, Sarah opened his correspondence and filtered the letters Marlborough received, lest their contents precipitate another stroke.